China Imports 90% of Cassava|中国木薯90%依赖进口2021-10-13 19:00:54
With the approaching of summer, more and more hot weather makes a lot of people are very hard, and for many girls, such a summer holding a cup of cold milk tea, is absolutely happiness. For many boys, such a season, you don't hurry to buy milk tea for their beloved girl to drink?
We know that most of the milk tea is to put pearls, and for the production of pearls may not be understood by many people, that is tapioca powder. Recently, it was reported that due to shipping delays on the West Coast of the United States, tapioca flour, the raw material for making pearls, was in short supply. Cassava produced in America, where the land of drought, so that cassava can strong growth, also is one of native American continent foods, and Columbia in 1492 after the discovery of America, they will be food to every country in the world, such as Europe, Africa, southeast Asia, many poor countries, can eat this.
Actually in China, however, also can produce cassava, such as in guangdong, yunnan, guangxi and hainan provinces, such as the provinces is also there are lots of places suitable for the growth of the cassava land, because of cassava growth environment is tolerance to drought, poor, easy management and so on characteristics, resulting in a period, this is a lot of People's Daily diet.
In addition, the development of cassava industry in Guangxi is very rapid, especially the cassava industry in Guangxi is the fastest development in the country, and the production of the highest province in the country, which cassava starch production accounts for 70% of the national production of cassava starch, you can see the development of cassava in Guangxi Province. However, after a large number of grains and vegetables entered Guangxi, many people began to change their methods and began to grow other grains, and cassava was gradually eliminated in Guangxi.
To know, in fact, cassava but with potatoes, sweet potatoes together is known as the world's three biggest potato crops, not to say, although said cassava in the world known as the "king of starch", but the results are not as good as potato sales, after all, cassava is poisonous, and taste is not good. According to the records, cassava is quite toxic, especially the fresh root. If you eat raw and undercooked cassava, it is very toxic. Therefore, after that, cassava gradually disappeared from the table of Chinese people, and many people around the world do not like to eat it.
However, although cassava has been eliminated as a staple food, its demand in China has been increasing year by year in recent years, from 1.717,100 tons of cassava flour in 2012 to 2.6 million tons in 2017 and 2.5 million tons in 2019. It can be seen that China's demand for cassava flour is very large. Moreover, Most of these tapioca flour are imported, especially in 2017, the import of tapioca flour accounted for more than 90%, mainly from Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Indonesia and other countries.
And in April, according to Vietnam a data representation, in March this year Vietnam has exported 385000 tons of cassava and cassava products, exports reached $142 million, year-on-year growth of 17.1%, exports and average prices also rose to $369 a tonne, the cassava exports of Vietnam in the first quarter and cassava products up to 1.07 million tons, Exports reached 396 million US dollars, an increase of 40.3%.
While most of these tapioca flour are exported to China, in the other half, China is planting less and less tapioca, and the amount of tapioca starch continues to decline. In 2012, China's production of tapioca starch reached 681,900 tons, while in 2019, it was only 170,100 tons. Many people no longer grow cassava. Every family in the village used to grow cassava, but now they would rather go wild than grow them.
But what is the purpose of the huge amount of tapioca flour that China imports every year? In fact, tapioca starch is a very important industrial raw material, widely used in food, chemical, textile, medicine and other industries, and now the value of tapioca starch with the development of technology, is still in constant update.
Although cassava growth environment is not high, is very low, but even cost calculate, actually a mu planting cassava also wants 2000 yuan, but the yield of cassava is required more actually, if too low, so it is not to make money, and now many planting mechanization, planting more wheat and rice than cassava convenient, Cassava, on the other hand, requires a lot of labor, so many people prefer to grow rice and wheat.
And when you look at the price of imported cassava, it's not hard to see why China doesn't grow cassava. According to the 2,331,544 tons of cassava flour imported by China in 2017, the import amount was 76815 million US dollars, which was almost equivalent to 2,141 yuan per ton. However, in 2018, the price increased, the import amount was 938.58 million US dollars for 2,008,595 tons of cassava, which was about 3,037 yuan per ton. But we should know that the labor cost in China has gone up, so a ton of selling this money, in fact, for many people is a loss. For a lot of Southeast Asian countries, that's a price we can't compete with, so a lot of people gave up on cassava.
So, even if we look at this market which can exceed 6 billion yuan every year, how many things can we really do?（Reprinted from http://www.investorscn.com）